10 Causes Of Foot Pain (And How To Fix It)

Foot pain can interfere with your daily life in many different ways, and sometimes it may be too bad to be endured.  Whether making it more difficult to be physically active or even being truly unbearable, the good news is that there is a way to minimize the effects. The key lies in determining the underlying cause of your foot pain.

The list of possibilities is quite extended, so determining the cause of your pain may require a diagnosis. It can stem from something as simple as ingrown toenail to something more serious, such as arthritis.

10 Causes Of Foot Pain

  • Ingrown Toenail

When the edge of the toenail grows in the skin, you will experience inflammation, pain, and potentially an infection.  While ingrown toenail is not a serious problem, you should see a doctor if it becomes infected or if you are a diabetic.

You can avoid getting an ingrown toenail by wearing shoes that aren’t tight, wearing protective footwear, and cutting the toenails so that they match up with the tips of the toes.

  • Flatfeet

When the arches of the feet are flat and the bottom of the foot touches the ground, you have a condition called flatfeet.  It manifests itself with pain or swelling and it happens due to being overweight, after an injury, normal stress of the feet, or because you haven’t developed arches during your childhood. Activity typically makes the pain worse.

  • Tendinitis

When a tendon in the foot becomes irritated or inflamed it will cause tenderness and pain in the area. In the foot, it typically occurs near the heel and is often referred to as Achilles tendinitis.

If you are dealing with tendinitis, the pain can be usually relieved by resting the foot for a while and by taking participation in physical therapy.  Painkillers also help.  Unfortunately, if tendinitis has been left untreated for too long, the treatment will require surgery.

  • Bursitis

When the bursae in the feet become inflamed, you may feel extreme pain.  Bursitis is usually caused by doing repetitive motions, but it can stem from an injury as we.  Additionally, conditions like infections, bunions, and arthritis can also lead to bursitis.  As for the treatment, the best would be to rest the affected area and avoid trauma in the future. With rest, it normally clears up in a matter of weeks.

  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

If you are dealing with tingling, numbness, or pain near the sole of the foot or on the inner part of the ankle, the chances are you have tarsal tunnel syndrome.  This may occur due to varicose veins, injuries, flatfeet, or abnormal growths.

You may relieve the pain by resting and keeping the foot elevated. If this doesn’t help, see a doctor.

  • Bunions

Bunions form on the side of the foot near the big toe and happen when the big toe is pushed against the second toe regularly.   They can develop if you wear too tight shoes for too long, or they can be inherited from a family member.  

The only way to remove bunions is to undergo surgery, but it isn’t always necessary.

  • Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis occurs when the band of tissue on the bottom of the foot becomes inflamed and it produces an extreme pain in the heel which may ease when you move.

It is very common for runners and ballet dancers, but it can also occur when you wear shoes that don’t provide support during extended periods of activity.

  • Plantar Warts

Plantar warts usually develop on the heels, whether outward and appear as a tiny bump or inward.  They are caused by HPV, a virus that you can contract by walking around barefoot in pool area or a locker room.  They don’t require medical attention in most cases, but you can have them removed if you want to.

  • Bone Spurs

Bone spurs are abnormal pieces of bone which develop along the edges of the bones in the feet.  They are often a result of osteoarthritis as the cartilage on the ends of the bone breaks down.  It is common for them to go unnoticed for a certain period of time, but other times they cause pain and loss of motion in the joints of the feet.

  • Arthritis

There are different types of arthritis that can affect the feet, such as gout, osteoarthritis, psoriatic arthritis, reactive arthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis. All of these require medical attention.